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CIRCUITS

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Single DC Source Based Cascaded Multilevel Inverter 

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) will develop a wide-bandgap-based, high power (100 kW) DC-to-AC inverter that can receive power from sources like batteries or solar panels and transfer it directly to the medium voltage level of the utility grid. The team will also integrate the device with an existing medium voltage AC-to-DC converter to build a bidirectional solid-state transformer that converts low-voltage AC to high-voltage AC without using heavy, low-frequency materials such as copper and iron in its design. The hardware prototype will be packaged with a high power density design, having the potential to reduce size by two orders of magnitude over the current solid-state transformers. The cooling system is minimized due to the high efficiency and implementation of a convection-cooled heat sink. If successful, the project could lead to the first commercially viable medium voltage solid-state transformer, using just a single-stage process to obtain high efficiency power conversion.

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

High Power Density 10-kV SiC-MOSFET-based Modular, Scalable Power Converters for Medium Voltage Applications

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) and its project team will develop high power, high voltage AC-to-DC and DC-to-DC modular power converters with a circuit configuration optimized for silicon carbide (SiC) semiconductors. In medium voltage and high voltage applications, multilevel modular converters are the favored architecture that overcomes the limitations of Si. Such architecture requires high frequency galvanic isolation to attain higher operating voltages. This project seeks to develop modular power converters optimized for SiC devices without any galvanic isolation, by harnessing two unique circuit operating modes of this power converter, transforming its intrinsic operation into one that favors high switching frequency. The team will pursue three primary applications for their proposed 2 MW, high-efficiency (99%) power converter: 1) electric motor drives, 2) power inverters for grid-scale use, and 3) a DC-to-DC converters for microgrid applications. If successful, the project's optimized circuit designs could open the door for more SiC-based, high power, medium-voltage converters.

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