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This workshop convened experts from several fields to consider how to accelerate efficiency improvements in data centers, specifically through optical interconnect development.

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This workshop convened thought leaders in plant biology, soil microbiology, soil chemistry, biogeochemistry, computational analytics, and emerging imaging technologies to determine the most promising methods to enhance terrestrial carbon sinks.

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This workshop convened experts from a number of fields to consider the development of future high efficiency light-duty vehicle powertrains for connected, semi-autonomous and fully autonomous (driverless) vehicles.

This workshop convened leading experts in solid state ionics, low-cost ceramics and composites manufacturing, mechanical properties of thin functional layers, mixed ionic and electronic conductors, nanostructuring, solid-state polymers, solid-state synthetic techniques, high-throughput materials computation and discovery, and novel approaches to ionically conductive layers to identify innovative research paths to advance solid ion conductors for energy technologies.

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This workshop discussed the challenges and opportunities associated with development of new power system optimization tools in the context of cost effectively facilitating the integration of high penetrations of renewable generation.

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This workshop addressed the technological, cost, and market barriers that impede efficiency improvements to single-pane windows. It brought together experts on windows and building envelopes, manufacturers of current low-cost technologies for improving single-pane windows, researchers working on advanced materials for window retrofits, and a representative group of the building owners and operators who make window retrofit decisions.

This workshop convened leading experts in building science, control systems, and computer science to identify innovative research paths to increase the adoption of energy-saving building controls by reducing one-off design and installation costs.

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The workshop convened thought leaders and experts in power systems, data analytics, and control systems to develop new ideas and paths forward for the development of disruptive technologies enabling optimal grid operation with increased adoption of distributed energy resources, while maintaining and possibly increasing grid reliability and reducing carbon footprint.

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This workshop convened leaders from distinct science and engineering communities to develop new ideas and identify potentially transformational R&D approaches in the bioenergy market.

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The workshop convened experts in combustion systems, solid-state heat engines, and waste heat recovery and utilization technologies to identify innovative research paths leading to the development of devices that can provide electricity, heating, and cooling in a combined system in the 500 watt to 20 kilowatt range.