The objectives of this workshop were to elicit a deeper understanding of the performance and cost factors that hinder the adoption of technologies for capture of carbon dioxide and conversion to useful commercial products, as well as to identify emerging opportunities/challenges for transformational "over the horizon" new technology approaches that may be appropriate for ARPA-E support.

The workshop brought together experts in all three disciplines to discuss the challenges and opportunities at the interface of high-efficiency energy capture and the autonomous synthesis of complex fuels. Following a brief introduction and short presentations participants broke into working groups to consider the challenges and opportunities of solar fuels modality.

The goal of the workshop was to bring together thought leaders from distinct science communities to collectively develop new ideas and identify the most promising R&D pathways to capture and utilize solar energy for the production of infrastructure-compatible, organic high-energy transportable fuels.

This workshop served as an opportunity for ARPA-E leadership to engage with leading experts to obtain insight on grid scale energy storage technology areas ripe for, and in strong need of, transformational technology development.