Robust Affordable Next Generation Energy Storage Systems

ARPA-E RANGE Program Graphic

Release Date:
Project Count:

Program Description:

The projects that comprise ARPA-E's RANGE Program, short for "Robust Affordable Next Generation Energy Storage Systems," seek to develop transformational electrochemical energy storage technologies that will accelerate the widespread adoption of electric vehicles by dramatically improving their driving range, cost, and safety. RANGE focuses on four specific areas 1) aqueous batteries constructed using water to improve safety and reduce costs, 2) non-aqueous batteries that incorporate inherent protection mechanisms that ensure no harm to vehicle occupants in the event of a collision or fire, 3) solid-state batteries that use no liquids or pastes in their construction, and 4) multifunctional batteries that contribute to both vehicle structure and energy storage functions.

Innovation Need:

Driving range, safety, and cost remain the biggest hurdles in the way of mass electric vehicle (EV) adoption. The RANGE program seeks to enhance safety, maximize the overall energy stored in a vehicle, and minimize manufacturing costs. To accomplish this, energy storage systems must be “robust”, meaning they must use chemistries or designs that prevent overheating or dangerous electrical discharges in the event of vehicle accidents or manufacturing defects. Robustness reduces the need for heavy protective components that would otherwise contribute to the weight of a vehicle, causing greater energy expenditure. Integrating safer, lighter batteries into the structure of a vehicle results in a more favorable energy-to-weight ratio. This multifunctional design results in reduced weight of the vehicle, which leads to improved driving range.

Potential Impact:

If successful, RANGE technology would reduce the overall weight of the vehicle and battery to provide greater EV driving range, minimize the impact of a battery failure, and enable greater design flexibility for vehicle manufacturers.


The mass adoption of EVs would diminish the demand for petroleum, dramatically reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil.


Greater use of EVs would reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, 28% of which come from the transportation sector.


Technological advancements from the RANGE program could enable EVs to travel significantly further on a single charge at a much lower cost than that of current EVs and conventional vehicles.


Program Director:
Dr. Grigorii Soloveichik;Dr. Ping Liu;Dr. Paul Albertus;Dr. Halle Cheeseman;Dr. Christopher Atkinson;Dr. John Lemmon;Dr. Scott Litzelman
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Project Listing

Arizona State University (ASU) - Multifunctional Cells for Electric Vehicles
BASF - Rare-Earth Free EV Batteries
Bettergy - Beyond Lithium-Ion Solid-State Battery
Cadenza Innovation - Low-Cost Electric Vehicle Battery Architecture
Ceramatec - Advanced Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
EnZinc - Rechargeable, Long-Life, Zinc-Air Battery
General Electric (GE) Power & Water - Water-Based Flow Battery for EVs
Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) - Nanoelectrofuel Flow Battery for Electric Vehicles
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) - Metal Hydride-Air Battery
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) - Renewable Organics for Flow Battery
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - Light-weight Battery with Built-in Safety Features
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - Impact-Resistant Electrolyte
Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) - Structural Battery Power Panels
Princeton University - Long-Life Rechargeable Alkaline Batteries for EVs
Purdue University - Impact-Tolerant Electric Vehicle Batteries
Solid Power - All Solid-State Lithium-Ion Battery
Stanford University - Multifunctional Battery Chassis Systems
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Long-Life, Acid-Based Battery
University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego) - Multifunctional Battery Systems for Electric Vehicles
University of Houston - Low-Cost Water-Based Electric Vehicle Batteries
University of Maryland (UMD) - Multiple-Electron Aqueous Battery
University of Maryland (UMD) - Solid-State Lithium-Ion Battery With Ceramic Electrolyte