Cellulose Cement Composite (C3) for Residential Construction
Project Innovation + Advantages:
Oregon State University will develop C3, a cellulose cement composite, for use in residential and light commercial construction as an alternative to dimensional lumber and sheet products. C3 consists of cellulose excelsior (wood wool), cellulose nano material (CNM), and low carbon cement binders. The team will create C3 from small-diameter logs and branches that are unsuitable for lumber production. Removing small diameter wood from the forest as a potential fuel source can help lessen wildfires. C3 will serve as a sink of CO2 from the atmosphere; resist rot, fungal growth, and fire; and possess high insulating effectiveness. C3 materials can be deployed quickly due to compatibility with current construction processes and lend themselves to large-scale commercial adoption.
HESTIA projects will facilitate the use of carbon storing materials in building construction to achieve net carbon negativity by optimizing material chemistries and matrices, manufacturing, and whole-building designs in a cost-effective manner.