Displaying 351 - 400 of 1054

Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: RANGE

Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)

Metal Hydride-Air Battery

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is developing a new metal-hydride/air battery. Current electric vehicle batteries use costly components and require packaging and shielding to ensure safety. To address this, JPL’s technology will incorporate safe, inexpensive, and high-capacity materials for both the positive and negative electrodes of the battery as part of a novel design. Additionally, JPL’s design will use a membrane developed to prevent water loss and CO2 entry within the battery. High power performance and decreased costs will be possible with the use of a single catalyst material…


Status: ALUMNI
State: MD
Project Term: -
Program: IDEAS

Johns Hopkins University

Carbon Fiber from Methane

Johns Hopkins University will develop and assess components of a self-powered system to convert methane (the main component in natural gas) into carbon fiber. Methane can be separated into carbon and hydrogen, or burned for energy. The team will develop processes to use methane both to power the system and serve as carbon feedstock in a four stage system. First, methane is decomposed into hydrogen and carbon, and combined into a carbon/metal aggregate. Second, the carbon/metal aggregate is melted, producing a liquid melt containing carbon dissolved within it. Third, the melt is solidified…


Status: ALUMNI
State: MD
Project Term: -
Program: IDEAS

Johns Hopkins University

Adsorption Compression on Chemical Reactions

Johns Hopkins University will study the adsorption compression phenomenon for ways to enhance the reaction rate for commercially relevant reactions. Adsorption is the adhesion of molecules from a gas, liquid, or dissolved solid to a surface, creating layers of the “adsorbate” on the surface of the host material. The Johns Hopkins team will explore the physical state where the forces acting parallel to the surface of adsorbate molecules can in certain conditions be far higher than forces associated with adsorption of additional molecules on the surface. This phenomenon is called adsorption…


Status: ACTIVE
State: MD
Project Term: -
Program: OPEN 2018

Johns Hopkins University

Carbon Dioxide-Free Hydrogen and Solid Carbon from Natural Gas via Metal Salt Intermediates

Johns Hopkins will scale up a novel process to convert natural gas into hydrogen and solid carbon with no water input while reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Leveraging industrial partners Southern Company and Cabot Corporation, the team will scale up its cyclic process based on early laboratory demonstration. ETCH, INC, is commercializing the process, which is expected to produce H2 from NG at costs comparable to the state-of-the art commercial technologies, while lowering energy input, reducing CO2 emissions, and producing high-value pure carbon materials.


Status: ACTIVE
State: MD
Project Term: -
Program: Special Projects

Johns Hopkins University

Electrothermal Conversion of Methane into Hydrogen and High-Value Carbon Fibers

Johns Hopkins University aims to develop an energy-efficient, scalable approach to convert methane into hydrogen and valuable graphitized carbon fibers (GCFs).The team will design an electrothermal reactor to pyrolyze (decompose) methane into hydrogen and low-quality carbon products, such as graphite particles, which will then be spun and heated to GCFs. These high-quality fibers can be used for construction material applications. The fully electrified manufacturing processes will be highly scalable, and built to accommodate various feedstocks and intermittent renewable energy sources.…


Status: ACTIVE
State: MD
Project Term: -
Program: Special Projects

Johns Hopkins University

Hydrocracking Plastic Mixtures into Xylene

Johns Hopkins University aims to catalytically convert low-cost #3-7 plastic mixtures into para-xylene, one of the most valuable hydrocarbon products. Johns Hopkins' primary design of the hydrocracking process first converts hydrocarbon plastics selectively to volatile hydrocarbons with xylene isomers as the predominant products. Then a post-reaction separation unit derives pure para-xylene as the desired product. The unit allows recycling of the residual H2 and possibly other hydrocarbons back to the hydrocracker. The ultimate goal of this project is to enable energy-efficient and…


Status: ACTIVE
State: NY
Project Term: -
Program: PNDIODES

JR2J

Laser Spike Annealing for Dopant Activation

Advanced doping methods are required to realize the potential of gallium nitride (GaN)-based devices for future high efficiency, high power applications. Ion implantation is a doping process used in other semiconductor materials such as Si and GaAs but has been difficult to use in GaN due to the limited ability to perform a damage recovery anneal in GaN. JR2J will develop an innovative laser spike annealing technique to activate implanted dopants in GaN. Laser spike annealing is a high-temperature (above 1300 ºC) heat treatment technique that activates the dopants in GaN and repairs damage…


Status: ACTIVE
State: MA
Project Term: -
Program: DIFFERENTIATE

Julia Computing

Accelerating Coupled HVAC/Building Simulation with a Neural Component Architecture

Julia Computing, Inc. will develop a neural component machine learning tool to reduce the total energy consumption of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems in buildings. As of 2012, buildings consume 40 percent of the nation’s primary energy, with HVAC systems comprising a significant portion of this consumption. It has been demonstrated that the use of modeling and simulation tools in the design of a building can yield significant energy savings—up to 27 percent of total energy consumption. However, these simulation tools are still too slow to be practically useful. Julia…


Status: CANCELLED
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: OPEN 2009

Kohana Technologies

Dynamically Adjustable Wind Turbine Blades

Kohana Technologies is developing wind turbines with a control system that delivers compressed air from special slots located in the surface of its blades. The compressed air dynamically adjusts the aerodynamic performance of the blades, and can essentially be used to control lift, drag, and ultimately power. This control system has been shown to exhibit high levels of control in combination with an exceptionally fast response rate. The deployment of such a control system in modern wind turbines would lead to better management of the load on the system during peak usage, allowing larger…


Status: CANCELLED
State: NC
Project Term: -
Program: SWITCHES

Kyma Technologies

GaN Substrate Technology

Kyma Technologies will develop a cost-effective technique to grow high-quality gallium nitride (GaN) seeds into GaN crystal boules, which are used as the starting material for a number of semiconductor devices. Currently, growing boules from GaN seeds is a slow, expensive, and inconsistent process, so it yields expensive electronic devices of varying quality. Kyma will select the highest quality GaN seeds and use a proprietary hydride vapor phase epitaxy growth process to rapidly grow the seeds into boules while preserving the seed’s structural quality and improving its purity.


Status: ALUMNI
State: IL
Project Term: -
Program: REMOTE

LanzaTech

Bioreactor with Improved Methane Transfer

LanzaTech will combine methane fermentation expertise, experimental bioreactor characterization, as well as advanced simulation and modeling to develop a novel gas fermentation system that can significantly improve gas to liquid mass transfer, or the rate at which methane gas is delivered to a biocatalyst. This unique bioreactor concept seeks to efficiently transfer methane to microbial biocatalysts by reducing the energy demand required for high transfer rates. Although methane is a flammable gas, the new technology also maintains the safe operation necessary for a small-scale conversion…


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: ALPHA

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

MEMS Based Drivers For Fusion

LBNL, in coordination with Cornell University, will develop a driver for magneto-inertial fusion based on ion beam technology that can be manufactured with low-cost, scalable methods. Ion beams are commonly used in research laboratories and manufacturing, but currently available technology cannot deliver the required beam intensities at low enough cost to drive an economical fusion reactor. LBNL will take advantage of microelectromechanical (MEMS) technology to develop a design consisting of thousands of mini ion “beamlets” densely packed on silicon wafers – up to thousands of beamlets per 4…


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: DIFFERENTIATE

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Deep Learning and Natural Language Processing for Accelerated Inverse Design of Optical Metamaterials

Over the past 50 years, progress in optical metamaterial device design has led to the manipulation of light over a wide range of wavelengths spanning the ultraviolet to the far infrared, resulting in technological advancements such as selective radiative absorbers for solar energy and daytime passive cooling using deep space. Further advances in optical metamaterial devices could enable increased energy efficiency, reduced national primary energy consumption, inexpensive long duration energy storage, and next generation solid-state heat engines. Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)…


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: Electrofuels

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Turning Bacteria into Biofuel

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is improving the natural ability of a common soil bacteria called Ralstonia eutropha to use hydrogen and carbon dioxide for biofuel production. First, LBNL is genetically modifying the bacteria to produce biofuel at higher concentrations. Then, LBNL is using renewable electricity obtained from solar, wind, or wave power to produce high amounts of hydrogen in the presence of the bacteria—increasing the organism's access to its energy source and improving the efficiency of the biofuel-creation process. Finally, LBNL is tethering electrocatalysts…


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: GRIDS

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Battery

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is designing a flow battery for grid storage that relies on a hydrogen-bromine chemistry which could be more efficient, last longer, and cost less than today's lead-acid batteries. Flow batteries are fundamentally different from traditional lead-acid batteries because the chemical reactants that provide their energy are stored in external tanks instead of inside the battery. A flow battery can provide more energy because all that is required to increase its storage capacity is to increase the size of the external tanks. The hydrogen-bromine…


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: IDEAS

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Metal-Supported SOFC for Vehicles

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) will develop a high power density, rapid-start, metal-supported solid oxide fuel cell (MS-SOFC), as part of a fuel cell hybrid vehicle system that would use liquid bio-ethanol fuel. In this concept, the SOFC would accept hydrogen fuel derived from on-board processing of the bio-ethanol and air, producing electricity to charge an on-board battery and operate the motor. The project aims to develop and demonstrate cell-level MS-SOFC technology providing unprecedented high power density and rapid start capability initially using hydrogen and simulated…


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: OPEN 2018

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Metal-Supported SOFCs for Ethanol-Fueled Vehicles

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is developing a metal-supported SOFC (MS-SOFC) stack that produces electricity from an ethanol-water blend at high efficiency and energy density. This technology will enable light- to medium-duty hybrid passenger EVs to operate at a long range, with higher efficiency than gasoline vehicles and lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions than current vehicles. LBNL’s MS-SOFCs are mechanically rugged: they can heat from room temperature to their approximately 700°C (1292 °F) operating temperature within a few minutes without cracking and tolerate rapid…


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: OPEN 2018

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

MEMS RF Accelerators For Nuclear Energy and Advanced Manufacturing

LBNL will use advanced microfabrication technology to build and scale low-cost, compact, higher-power multi-beam ion accelerators. These accelerators will be able to increase the ion current up to 100 times, helping to enable a new learning curve for compact accelerator technology. MEMS (micro-electro mechanical systems) technology enables massively parallel, low-cost batch fabrication of ion beam accelerators. The team proposes to scale ion accelerators based on MEMS to higher beam power and pack hundreds to thousands of ion beamlets on silicon wafers. Ions will be injected and accelerated…


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: PETRO

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Oil from Tobacco Leaves

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is modifying tobacco to enable it to directly produce fuel molecules in its leaves for use as a biofuel. Tobacco is a good crop for biofuels production because it is an outstanding biomass crop, has a long history of cultivation, does not compete with the national food supply, and is highly responsive to genetic manipulation. LBNL will incorporate traits for hydrocarbon biosynthesis from cyanobacteria and algae, and enhance light utilization and carbon uptake in tobacco, improving the efficiency of photosynthesis so more fuel can be produced in the…


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: REMOTE

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Enzymes for Methane Conversion

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is genetically engineering a bacterium called Methylococcus in order to produce an enzyme that binds methane with a common fuel precursor to create a liquid fuel. This process relies on methylation, a reaction that requires no oxygen or energy inputs but has never been applied to methane conversion.” First, LBNL will construct a unique enzyme called a “PEP methylase” from an existing enzyme. The team will then bioengineer new metabolic pathways for assimilating methane and conversion to liquid fuels.


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: ROOTS

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Imaging and Modeling Toolbox for Roots

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) will develop an imaging-modeling toolbox to aid in the development of more efficient crops at field scales. The approach is based on a root phenotyping method called Tomographic Electrical Rhizosphere Imaging (TERI). TERI works by applying a small electrical signal to a plant, then measuring the impedance responses through the roots and correlating those responses to root and soil properties. Key target traits of the LBNL project include root mass, root surface area, rooting depth, root distribution in soil, and soil moisture content and texture.…


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: ROOTS

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Associated Particle Imaging for Soil Carbon

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) will develop a field-deployable instrument that can measure the distribution of carbon in soil using neutron scattering techniques. The system will use the Associated Particle Imaging (API) technique to determine the three-dimensional carbon distribution with a spatial resolution on the order of several centimeters. A compact, portable neutron generator emits neutrons that excite carbon and other nuclei. The excited carbon isotopes emit gamma rays that can be detected above the ground with spectroscopic detectors and used as a proxy to estimate the…


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: Special Projects

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

CARBON STANDARD: Carbon Accounting to Redefine Biofeedstock Operation Normality using Sensing Technology Assisted by Numerical and Data Analytics for Reliable Detection

The Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBL) CARBON STANDARD team will develop advanced machine learning tools for a cross-scale quantification of carbon intensity (CI) during biofuel feedstock production. LBL will act as the integrator across all SMARTFARM teams to analyze complex, multi-physics, and multi-scale datasets, and develop scaling approaches across the variety of CI monitoring fields.


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: AMPED

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

Wireless Sensor System for Battery Packs

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is developing a wireless sensor system to improve the safety and reliability of lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery systems by monitoring key operating parameters of Li-Ion cells and battery packs. This system can be used to control battery operation and provide early indicators of battery failure. LLNL's design will monitor every cell within a large Li-Ion battery pack without the need for large bundles of cables to carry sensor signals to the battery management system. This wireless sensor network will dramatically reduce system cost, improve…


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: IMPACCT

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

Synthetic Catalysts for CO2 Storage

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is designing a process to pull CO2 out of the exhaust gas of coal-fired power plants so it can be transported, stored, or utilized elsewhere. Human lungs rely on an enzyme known as carbonic anhydrase to help separate CO2 from our blood and tissue as part of the normal breathing process. LLNL is designing a synthetic catalyst with the same function as this enzyme. The catalyst can be used to quickly capture CO2 from coal exhaust, just as the natural enzyme does in our lungs. LLNL is also developing a method of encapsulating chemical solvents in…


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: PNDIODES

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

Magnesium Diffusion Doping of GaN

Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) will advance GaN device processing knowledge to enable production of GaN devices with higher speed and power at a lower cost. Using a selective area p-type doping process to move the device architecture from a lateral to a vertical configuration makes the lower cost possible. LLNL has previously demonstrated solid-state diffusion of magnesium (Mg) into GaN at temperatures under 1000ºC through a Gallidation Assisted Impurity Diffusion (GAID) process. In the GAID process, an Mg source layer is deposited in contact with the GaN followed by a capping layer of…


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: Special Projects

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

Absolute Neutron Rate Measurement and Non-thermal/Thermonuclear Fusion Differentiation

Design, build and operate a robust, portable neutron detection system that will serve as a powerful diagnostic tool in support of efforts to transform fusion energy. The tool’s design will allow for flexible, portable experimental setup, enabling it to provide effective diagnostic measurements at multiple fusion facilities.


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: Special Projects

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

Next Generation High-temperature Optical Fibers

Develop a novel process for applying metallic coatings to optical fibers that will allow the fabrication of distributed optical sensors for high-temperature geothermal wells and explore quantum sensing techniques to dramatically increase sensitivities. This new optical technology will fill an important technology gap to enable distributed sensing in high-temperature enhanced geothermal system wells and help optimize production.


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: Special Projects

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

A Portable Optical Thomson Scattering System

Implement an optical Thomson scattering diagnostic to help constrain the values of the electron density and temperature, as well as ion temperature. This approach could transform the understanding of the underlying physics of each fusion concept by providing local, time resolved measurements of plasma conditions.


Status: ACTIVE
State: DE
Project Term: -
Program: Special Projects

Lectrolyst

Transformation of Carbon Emissions to High-Value Products through a Two-Step Electrochemical Platform

Carbon dioxide utilization can help reduce carbon emissions, but gaps remain in the value chain from initial capture to high-value products. Lectrolyst LLC will develop an electrochemical platform centered on selective two-step conversion of CO2 to acetic acid and ethylene, to fill this need. Preliminary life cycle assessment and techno-economic analysis indicate ~200 million metric tons of CO2 emissions reduction when targeting these products at global scale while competing on a cost basis without considering carbon pricing. Development of this platform is intended to lead to full…


Status: ALUMNI
State: PA
Project Term: -
Program: OPEN 2009

Lehigh University

CO2 Capture Using Electric Fields

Two faculty members at Lehigh University created a new technique called supercapacitive swing adsorption (SSA) that uses electrical charges to encourage materials to capture and release CO2. Current CO2 capture methods include expensive processes that involve changes in temperature or pressure. Lehigh University's approach uses electric fields to improve the ability of inexpensive carbon sorbents to trap CO2. Because this process uses electric fields and not electric current, the overall energy consumption is projected to be much lower than conventional methods. Lehigh University is now…


Status: ACTIVE
State: PA
Project Term: -
Program: PERFORM

Lehigh University

Application of Banking Scoring and Rating for Coherent Risk Measures in Electricity Systems

The Lehigh University team will develop a framework for asset and system risk management that can be incorporated into current electricity system operations to improve economic efficiency through the establishment of an electric assets risk bureau. Discrepancies exist between the power scheduled by a system operator and actual power generated and/or consumed. These discrepancies—exacerbated by unplanned contingencies (e.g., variable renewable energy sources, natural disasters)—are caused by multiple factors, including the different financial, environmental, and risk preferences of power…


Status: ALUMNI
State: NE
Project Term: -
Program: MONITOR

LI-COR Biosciences

Optical Sensors for Methane Detection

LI-COR Biosciences is working with Colorado State University (CSU) and Gener8 to develop cost-effective, highly sensitive optical methane sensors that can be integrated into mobile or stationary methane monitoring systems. Their laser-based sensor utilizes optical cavity techniques, which provide long path lengths and high methane sensitivity and selectivity, but previously have been costly. The team will employ a novel sensor design developed in parallel with advanced manufacturing techniques to enable a substantial cost reduction. The sensors are expected to provide exceptional long-term…


Status: ACTIVE
State: NJ
Project Term: -
Program: FLECCS

Linde Gas North America

Process Integration and Optimization of an NGCC Power Plant with CO2 Capture, Hydrogen Production and Storage

Linde Gas aims to develop a system for natural gas-fired power plants using post-combustion carbon capture and hydrogen technologies. This unique process produces and stores hydrogen when it is not profitable for the power plant with carbon capture to export electricity to the grid. The process then uses that stored hydrogen to offset natural gas fuel consumption when electricity prices are high. Integrating an electrolyzer for hydrogen production and tanks for hydrogen storage with a natural gas power plant that has carbon capture will enable the plant to operate under more steady-state…


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: Special Projects

Lixivia

Using Bio-inspired Lixiviants to Selectively Extract Valuable Metals from Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Ash

Current environmental, capital equipment, and reagent unit costs of metal extraction and refinement, including from waste minerals, are high. A technical solution will increase the domestic supply of metals as well as reduce consumer cost of downstream power and new technology devices. Lixivia Inc. proposes to use bio-inspired molecules, complemented by conventional chemical reagents to reduce reagent costs, the environmental burden of using such reagents, and the capital equipment needed to produce metals from MSWI ash. Simultaneously, the project will introduce step-change capabilities in…


Status: ALUMNI
State: NM
Project Term: -
Program: ALPHA

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

Plasma Liners For Fusion

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), along with HyperV Technologies and other partners, will design and build a new driver technology that is non-destructive, allowing for more rapid experimentation and progress toward economical fusion power. The team will use a spherical array of plasma guns to produce supersonic jets that merge to create an imploding plasma liner. Because the guns are located several meters away from the fusion burn region (i.e., they constitute a “standoff driver”), the reactor components should not be damaged by repeated experiments. This will allow the team to perform…


Status: ACTIVE
State: NM
Project Term: -
Program: BETHE

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

Electromagnetic and Particle Diagnostics for Transformative Fusion-Energy Concepts

Los Alamos National Laboratory and its partner, the University of Nevada-Reno, will provide visible spectroscopy and soft x-ray imaging diagnostics to characterize the performance of a number of lower-cost, potentially transformative fusion-energy concepts. Multi-chord visible spectroscopy measurements will enable the identification of impurities and their spatial and temporal variation in the plasmas, which is essential for understanding plasma composition and plasma conditions. A state-of-the-art, solid-state X-ray imager, the Adaptive Gain Integrating Pixel Detector (AGIPD), will be used…


Status: ACTIVE
State: NM
Project Term: -
Program: BETHE

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

Target Formation and Integrated Experiments for Plasma-Jet Driven Magneto-Inertial Fusion

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) will lead a team that will test an innovative approach to controlled fusion energy production: plasma-jet driven magneto-inertial fusion (PJMIF). PJMIF uses a spherical array of plasma guns to produce an imploding supersonic plasma shell, or “liner,” which inertially compresses and heats a pre-injected magnetized plasma “target” in a bid to access the conditions for thermonuclear fusion. LANL will develop a magnetized target plasma for the approach at a smaller scale than would be needed for a reactor. The team will perform first integrated liner-on-…


Status: ACTIVE
State: NM
Project Term: -
Program: OPEN 2018

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

Stable Diacid Coordinated Quaternary Ammonium Polymers for 80-150°C Fuel Cells

Los Alamos National Laboratory will develop proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells for light-duty vehicles that operate on hydrogen or dimethyl ether (DME) fuel in the temperature range of 80-230°C (176-446°F) without first warming or humidifying the incoming fuel stream. The team’s concept uses a new polymer-based PEM that will provide high conductivity across a wide temperature range and can operate without humidification, simplifying the system components necessary to keep the cell running effectively, streamlining design, and reducing system size and costs, which are crucial for light…


Status: ACTIVE
State: NM
Project Term: -
Program: OPEN 2018

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

Advanced Manufacturing of Embedded Heat Pipe Nuclear Hybrid Reactor

Los Alamos National Laboratory will develop a scalable, compact, high-temperature, heat pipe reactor (HPR) to provide heat and electricity to remote areas. A 15MWth HPR could be built on-site in less than a month and self-regulate its power to plug into microgrids. The team will use high temperature materials via advanced manufacturing to reduce costs, and further cost reduction will be achieved from novel sensors embedded in the reactor core for continuous monitoring, reducing the number of operational staff needed.


Status: ACTIVE
State: NM
Project Term: -
Program: Special Projects

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

Portable Neutron and Soft X-Ray Diagnostics for Transformative Fusion-Energy Concepts

Develop a portable suite of proven, absolutely calibrated neutron and soft x-ray diagnostics to characterize the performance of a number of fusion energy concepts. The tool will be able to determine neutron yields as low as 105 neutrons per pulse, identify hot regions and structures in the plasma, and make estimates of the core plasma electron temperature.


Status: ACTIVE
State: NM
Project Term: -
Program: DIFFERENTIATE

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

Machine Learning-Based Well Design to Enhance Unconventional Energy Production

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) seeks to increase the efficiency with which oil and gas are extracted from unconventional reservoirs while reducing the environmental impact of such processes. Current hydrofracturing-enabled extraction efficiencies are only 5 to 10%. LANL seeks to improve upon these levels by developing physics-informed machine learning (ML) based models from field data to discover effective well design characteristics. LANL will use its ML framework, which is based on recent advances in ML, differentiable programming, and cloud computing, to extract actionable…


Status: ACTIVE
State: VA
Project Term: -
Program: FLECCS

Luna Innovations

Flexible FlueCO2

Luna Innovations is developing FlueCO2, a process that enables traditional power generators to respond to increased VRE while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. FlueCO2 is a combined membrane and gas processing technology that integrates into existing natural gas combined cycle power plants and actively removes CO2 from the exhaust gas. The membrane separates CO2 at unrivaled rates using steam generated within the plant. The CO2-rich steam leaving the membranes is processed further to remove the water so it can be regenerated into steam at the most energy efficient conditions. Remaining CO2…


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: ALPHA

Magneto-Inertial Fusion Technologies, Inc. (MIFTI)

Staged Z-Pinch Target For Fusion

MIFTI is developing a new version of the Staged Z-Pinch (SZP) fusion concept that reduces instabilities in the fusion plasma, allowing the plasma to persist for longer periods of time. The Z-Pinch is an approach for simultaneously heating, confining, and compressing plasma by applying an intense, pulsed electrical current which generates a magnetic field. While the simplicity of the Z-Pinch is attractive, it has been plagued by plasma instabilities. MIFTI’s SZP plasma target consists of two components with different atomic numbers and is specifically configured to reduce instabilities. When…


Status: ALUMNI
State: MI
Project Term: -
Program: GENSETS

MAHLE Powertrain

Advanced Lean Burn Micro-CHP Genset

MAHLE Powertrain with partners at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Louthan Engineering, Kohler Company, and Intellichoice Energy will design and develop a CHP generator that uses an internal combustion engine with a turbulent jet ignition (TJI) combustion system. Similar to an automotive internal combustion engine, the proposed system follows the same process: the combustion of natural gas fuel creates a force that moves a piston, transferring chemical energy to mechanical energy used in conjunction with a generator to create electricity. The TJI combustion system incorporates a pre-chamber…


Status: ACTIVE
State: HI
Project Term: -
Program: MARINER

Makai Ocean Engineering

Performance and Impact of Macroalgae Farming

Makai Ocean Engineering will lead a MARINER Category 3 project to develop tools to simulate the biological and structural performance of offshore macroalgae systems. Macroalgae farming systems will require significant capital and operating costs. Investment and management decisions can be guided by the development of advanced modeling tools to help better understand the nature of macroalgae production for profitable operation. Makai's project will result in a hydrodynamic-mechanical model which simulates forces on offshore algae structures from to waves and currents.…


Status: ALUMNI
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: OPEN 2009

Makani Power

Airborne Wind Turbine

Makani Power is developing an Airborne Wind Turbine that eliminates 90% of the mass of a conventional wind turbine and accesses a stronger, more consistent wind at altitudes of near 1,000 feet. At these altitudes, 85% of the country can offer viable wind resources compared to only 15% accessible with current technology. Additionally, the Makani Power wing can be economically deployed in deep offshore waters, opening up a resource which is 4 times greater than the entire U.S. electrical generation capacity. Makani Power has demonstrated the core technology, including autonomous launch, land,…


Status: ACTIVE
State: CA
Project Term: -
Program: MARINER

Marine BioEnergy

Biofuel Production from Kelp

The team led by Marine BioEnergy will develop an open ocean cultivation system for macroalgae biomass, which can be converted to biocrude. Giant kelp is one of the fastest growing sources of biomass, and the open ocean surface water is an immense, untapped region for growing kelp. However, kelp does not grow in the open ocean because it needs to attach to a hard surface, typically less than 40 meters deep. Kelp also needs nutrients that are only available in deep water or near shore but not on the surface of the open ocean. To overcome these obstacles, the team proposes to build inexpensive…


Status: ACTIVE
State: MA
Project Term: -
Program: MARINER

Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL)

Techniques for Tropical Seaweed Cultivation

The Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), located in Woods Hole, will lead a MARINER Category 1 project to design and develop a cultivation system for the tropical seaweed Eucheuma isiforme to produce biomass for biofuels. Eucheuma is a commercially valuable species of “red” macroalgae, primarily cultivated in Asia, which has been difficult to propagate in a cost-effective manner. Cultivation of Eucheuma is labor intensive — making up almost 70% of the production costs — and is limited to easily accessible areas near shore. The MBL team will design and development a farm system…


Status: ACTIVE
State: WI
Project Term: -
Program: BREAKERS

Marquette University

Ultra Fast Resonant DC Breaker

Marquette University will leverage the technology gap presented by the lack of DC breaker technology. The project objective is to create an industry standard DC breaker that is compact, efficient, ultra-fast, lightweight, resilient, and scalable. The proposed solution will use a novel current source to force a zero current in the main current conduction path, providing a soft transition when turning on the DC breaker. A state-of-the-art actuator that can produce significantly more force than current solutions will also be used. The approach represents a transformational DC breaker scalable…