Department of Energy Announces $30 Million for Commercial Fusion Energy R&D
WASHINGTON, D.C. — DOE’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) and the Office of Science’s Fusion Energy Sciences program (FES), in a joint funding effort, will award up to $30 million in funding to research and develop a range of enabling technologies required for commercially attractive fusion energy.
The program called Galvanizing Advances in Market-aligned fusion for an Overabundance of Watts (GAMOW), will prioritize R&D particularly in (1) all the required technologies and subsystems between the fusion plasma and the balance of plant, (2) cost-effective, high-efficiency, high-duty-cycle driver technologies, and (3) important cross-cutting areas such as novel fusion materials and advanced and additive manufacturing.
“The successful development of fusion energy systems has the potential to create an abundant, safe, carbon-free power source for a wide range of uses,” said ARPA-E Director Lane Genatowski, “We’re excited to partner with the Fusion Energy Sciences program in pursuit of our mission to support transformational energy projects. Together, we are equipping America’s energy researchers with the funding, technical assistance, and market readiness to create the energy systems of the future."
For more than sixty years, fusion research and development has largely focused on attaining the required fuel density, temperature, and energy confinement time required for a viable fusion energy system. Over time, investment into the basic enabling technologies and advanced materials that are needed to support successful fusion energy has grown, but there remains a significant need for progress in this space before a fusion energy system can become commercially attractive. The GAMOW program seeks to address this need by funding projects that support innovative R&D for fusion energy subsystems and cross-cutting research.
Awardees will demonstrate success through one or more of the below high-level program objectives:
- Substantial progress toward demonstrating technical feasibility and/or increases in performance compared to present state-of-the-art;
- Enabling significant device simplification or elimination of entire subsystems of fusion energy systems;
- Reduction in fusion energy system cost, including critical materials and component testing; and
- Improvements in the reliability, safety, and/or environmental attractiveness of fusion energy systems.
ARPA-E will contribute up to $15 million in funding over the three-year program period, while the FES will contribute up to $5 million a year for three years for qualifying technologies. GAMOW will also have a technology-to-market focus, requiring applicants to identify how their proposed project will help enable commercially attractive fusion energy systems beyond the end of the program, and builds off of ARPA-E’s existing fusion energy programs, Accelerating Low-Cost Plasma Heating and Assembly (ALPHA) and Breakthroughs Enabling THermonuclear-fusion Energy (BETHE).