Innovative Materials and Processes for Advanced Carbon Capture Technologies



Status:
Alumni
Release Date:
Project Count:
15

Program Description:

IMPACCT's projects seek to develop technologies for existing coal-fired power plants that will lower the cost of carbon capture. Short for "Innovative Materials and Processes for Advanced Carbon Capture Technologies," the IMPACCT program is geared toward minimizing the cost of removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal-fired power plant exhaust by developing materials and processes that have never before been considered for this application. Retrofitting coal-fired power plants to capture the CO2 they produce would enable greenhouse gas reductions without forcing these plants to close, shifting away from the inexpensive and abundant U.S. coal supply.

Innovation Need:

Coal-fired power plants provide nearly 50% of all electricity in the U.S. Without implementing carbon capture technology, the projected increase in CO2 in the atmosphere could have serious consequences for the Earth’s ecosystem. Developing new materials and processes to capture CO2 released by coal-fired power plants would minimize harm to the environment while maintaining our ability to utilize coal—a cheap, abundant, and domestic natural resource that holds a significant place in our national energy portfolio. Numerous challenges remain surrounding carbon capture technology despite the past decade of intensive research and development. Chief among these challenges is the unacceptably high cost of capture. Creating new materials developed specifically for capturing CO2 while developing more cost-effective and energy-efficient processes would enable widespread implementation of carbon capture systems, improve our environment, and position the U.S. as a leader in this growing global industry.

Potential Impact:

If successful, IMPACCT’s contribution to the development of cost-effective carbon capture technology would reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions while allowing for the continued use of low-cost and abundant domestic coal reserves.

Security:

Coal will continue to provide most of the electricity in the U.S. for the foreseeable future. Enabling the continued use of abundant, domestic resources will promote a safe, reliable, and consistent electric grid as the renewable energy industry develops.

Environment:

More than 30% of yearly greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. come from coal plants. Supporting technologies that reduce emissions could prevent more than 800 million tons of CO2 from being released into the atmosphere.

Economy:

Technology advancements from the IMPACCT program could enable cost-effective carbon capture systems and accelerate the adoption of this technology at existing power plants.

Contact

Program Director:
Dr. Karma Sawyer;Dr. Ramon Gonzalez;Dr. Ping Liu;Dr. Eric Rohlfing;Dr. James Klausner
Press and General Inquiries Email:
ARPA-E-Comms@hq.doe.gov

Project Listing

Alliant Techsystems (ATK) - Supersonic Technology for CO2 Capture
Codexis - Better Enzymes for Carbon Capture
Columbia University - Chemically Accelerated Carbon Mineralization
General Electric (GE) Global Research - CO2 Capture with Liquid-to-Solid Absorbents
Georgia Tech Research Corporation - Composite Membranes for CO2 Capture
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) - Synthetic Catalysts for CO2 Storage
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - CO2 Capture Using Electrical Energy
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - High Surface-Area CO2 Sponge
Research Triangle Institute (RTI) - CO2 Capture and Regeneration at Low Temperatures
Sustainable Energy Solutions (SES) - Capturing CO2 from Exhaust Gas
Texas A&M University - Stimuli-Responsive Metal Organic Frameworks
University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley) - Metal Organic Framework Research
University of Colorado, Boulder (CU-Boulder) - Gelled Ionic Liquid-Based Membranes
University of Kentucky - Hybrid Solvent-Membrane CO2 Capture
University of Notre Dame - Phase-Changing Ionic Liquids