Framework for Safety Evaluation of EVs4ALL Batteries

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Albuquerque, New Mexico
Project Term:
08/14/2023 - 02/20/2026

Technology Description:

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) will develop a holistic safety framework, combining material level to cell level testing and mechanistic modeling to evaluate the safety of next-generation battery systems. The framework will facilitate a bottom-up understanding of battery safety, enabling battery developers to de-risk promising chemistries from a safety perspective, reduce design iterations, and develop battery systems with a rigorous safety basis. For example, safety assessments early in battery development will analyze the underlying thermo-electrochemical reaction pathways and delineate critical safety metrics such as critical thermal runaway temperatures, magnitudes of heat release, and toxicity of reaction products. SNL will develop a comprehensive physics-informed modeling framework to establish a safety map based on this data and analysis, spanning the materials to system scale. This collaborative effort will result in clear guidance on critical safety properties that can be used to classify, inform, and accelerate the development of next generation battery chemistries.

Potential Impact:

EVs4ALL’s primary objective is to increase the domestic adoption of new and used EVs by enabling safe, resilient, fast-charging batteries with improved performance at low temperatures.


Solutions will target the use of “noncritical” battery materials, while minimizing the use of cobalt and nickel. A reduced dependence on the importation of critical metals supports U.S. energy independence.


80% adoption of EVs in the U.S. could reduce overall CO2 emissions by 800 million tons/year.


80% adoption of EVs in the U.S. could reduce annual energy consumption by 4 quadrillion British Thermal Units.


ARPA-E Program Director:
Dr. Halle Cheeseman
Project Contact:
Dr. Loraine Torres-Castro
Press and General Inquiries Email:
Project Contact Email:


Underwriters Laboratories Inc.

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